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Kamar Dar Akrab (Moon In The Scorpio)

Q:

Salaams,

May the Almighty Bless you for the service.

Wanted to ask about Kamar Dar Akrab (moon in the scorpio)

1. Is the narration of 6th Imam (as) regarding kamar dar akrab stating not to go to journey or for marriage during these dates Authentic ??

2. Is the above narration not contradictory with the event that sates Imam Ali (as) wanted to advance in battle and some star reader tells him that he will be defeated , and Imam (as) warns him about his misconceptions

A:

Here are few narrations in relation to ‘Moon in the Scorpio’ and its academic analysis:

1. عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ حُمْرَانَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ مَنْ سَافَرَ أَوْ تَزَوَّجَ وَ الْقَمَرُ فِي الْعَقْرَبِ لَمْ يَرَ الْحُسْنَى 

Al Kafi vol 8 pg 275

This tradition is narrated by Muhammad b Humran and is quoted in Kutub al arba’ah (4 Hadith books of Shias). Shaykh Saduq and Tusi (ar) quote from the book of Ahmad b Muhammad b Isa and Shaykh Kulayni quotes from 'iddah from Ahmad b Muhammad b Khalid.

(Academic discussion: The book of Muhammad b Humran is quoted by Ahmad b Muhammad b Isa in Qum and Shaykh Najjashi has a chain to it but it has some narrators like Abul Mufaddal and Ibne Buttah which makes the chain weaker....)

Points:

1) Shaykh Kulayni narrates this tradition in Rawdat al Kafi which is an indication that the tradition is weak.

2) The chain is weaker itself because of Ibrahim b Muhammad who is an unknown personality.

 

2.   حدثنا محمد بن أحمد السناني رحمه الله قال حدثنا محمد بن أبي عبد الله الكوفي قال حدثنا سهل بن زياد الأدمي عن عبد العظيم بن عبد الله الحسني قال حدثني علي بن محمد العسكري عن أبيه محمد بن علي عن أبيه الرضا علي بن موسى عن أبيه موسى عن أبيه جعفر عن أبيه ع قال يكره للرجل أن يجامع في أول ليلة من الشهر و في وسطه و في آخره فإنه من فعل ذلك خرج الولد مجنونا أ لا ترى أن المجنون أكثر ما يصرع في أول الشهر و وسطه و آخره و قال ع من تزوج و القمر في العقرب لم ير الحسنى 

 

'Ilal al Sharayi’ Vol 1 pg 288...The narration could also be traced in 'Uyun e Akhbar e Rida (as).

This is narrated in 'Ilal al Sharayi’ of Shaykh Saduq from one of his teachers who was supposed to be a good person whom Shaykh used to respect. According to few of the methods, this chain could be authenticated. BUT it is difficult to authenticate it according to some new research.

 

(Academic discussion: Interestingly Shaykh Saduq narrates Ziyarat e Jami’ah Kabirah with the same sanad till Sahl b Ziyad al Aadami)

There are few more hadith regarding Qamar dar aqrab (Moon under Scorpio) but with not stronger chains.

 

Conclusion:

  1. There is a rule based on which Aulama do allow to act as per weaker tradition related to recommended acts famously known as ‘Qa’idah Tasamuh fi addilah al Sunan’ i.e There is no need of a great scrutiny for the narrations of recommended acts. Thus, even if the narrations are not strong, Maraji’ give fatwa on a recommendation basis to avoid some acts during this phenomenon.
  2. There is another tradition which sounds good to refer which is quoted by Allama Tabatabai in Al Mizan from Aamali of Shaykh Tusi/ Ibn at Tusi

 عن العسكري ع في حديث: قلت: يا سيدي في أكثر هذه الأيام قواطع عن المقاصد- لما ذكر فيها من النحس و المخاوف- فتدلني على الاحتراز من المخاوف فيها- فإنما تدعوني الضرورة إلى التوجه في الحوائج فيها؟ فقال لي: يا سهل إن لشيعتنا بولايتنا لعصمة- لو سلكوا بها في لجة البحار الغامرة- و سباسب البيداء الغائرة بين سباع و ذئاب- و أعادي الجن و الإنس- لآمنوا من مخاوفهم بولايتهم لنا، فثق بالله عز و جل و أخلص في الولاء لأئمتك الطاهرين- و توجه حيث شئت و اقصد ما شئت. الحديث. ثم أمره ع بشي‏ء من القرآن و الدعاء أن يقرأه- و يدفع به النحوسة و الشأمة و يقصد ما شاء.

 

Basically, it says that Shias if they do believe in our Wilayat they shouldn’t fear from any calamities even if they are travelling in the deep ocean or the heights of the mountains.  

It means that Shias should be experts and should have skills to face any such difficulty and should rely on Allah swt based on the teachings of our Imams.

 

3. Allama Tabatabai has a good discussion in Al Mizan regarding Sa’ad and Nahs which could be useful for the topic.

 (كلام في سعادة الأيام و نحوستها و الطيرة و الفأل في فصول)...Al Mizan Surat al Qamar Verse no 19

4. An interesting narration in Ibne abil Hadid Vol 19 pg 376

وقيل لعلى عليه السلام : لا تحاربهم اليوم فإن القمر في العقرب ، فقال : قمرنا أم قمرهم 

Imam Ali (as) was told that he shouldn’t go towards the battle field because the Moon is in the Scorpio. Imam sarcastically said: ‘Our moon or their moon’.

Meaning that: No one should worry about such minor natural things especially when he/she is pursuing a deed which is going to please Allah (swt)

5. However, everyone should refer to their own Marja’ for the fatwa and this discussion was just to share some hadith and its explanation.

Kumail Rajani